5 Practical Steps to Create and Use ReplicaSet in Kubernetes with Examples

In this article I will take you through 5 practical steps to create and use ReplicaSet in kubernetes with examples. ReplicaSet is an important concept brought up in Kubernetes to make sure that the required resources(pods) are always available. It is known to be the successor of Replication Controller. Without ReplicaSet if you have to create replicas of a pod then you need to separately write a manifest file and use it every time for creating the replicas.

This will become an additional overhead in a sense that we need to keep monitoring the pods in case any of the pods go down. While in the case of using ReplicaSet you don’t need to do anything. Controller will create the pod the moment any of the running pod go down. This makes our life easy. So we should all be thankful. Check more about ReplicaSet on Official Documentation.

What is ReplicaSet in Kubernetes

ReplicaSet is known to be the Controller in Kubernetes which makes sure that any given point of time number of replicas are running as per the defined value.

6 Simple and Easy Steps to Create and Use ReplicaSet in Kubernetes with Examples

Steps to Create and Use ReplicaSet in Kubernetes with Examples

Also Read: Horizontal Scale Up/Down the Pods Based on CPU Utilization in Kubernetes

Step 1: Create ReplicaSet in Kubernetes Using YAML File

Using YAML file to create ReplicaSet in Kubernetes is quite popular and is also the most preferable way. The controller that Kubernetes going to create through YAML file will be defined by the parameter kind which will be set as ReplicaSet in this case. Then you need to define the other important parameters like name, labels, app, spec information where you need to set the number of replicas, image which you need to use and so on.

[root@localhost ~]# vi replica.yaml
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: ReplicaSet
metadata:
name: web-app
labels:
app: web-app
tier: webserver
spec:
replicas: 2
selector:
matchLabels:
tier: webserver
template:
metadata:
labels:
tier: webserver
spec:
containers:
- name: nginx
image: nginx

Once the YAML file is created then you can simply use kubectl apply -f replica.yaml command to create the web-app ReplicaSet as shown below.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl apply -f replica.yaml
replicaset.apps/web-app created

NOTE:

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Please note that here I am using root user to run all the below commands. You can use any user with sudo access to run all these commands. For more information Please check Step by Step: How to Add User to Sudoers to provide sudo access to the User.

Step 2: Check All the ReplicaSets in Kubernetes

Now that you have the ReplicaSet created you can verify the list of ReplicaSet using kubectl get rs command.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl get rs
NAME    DESIRED CURRENT READY AGE
web-app    2       2      2   70s

To verify the replicas created by the ReplicaSet YAML file you can use kubectl get pods commands and it will show all the pods needs to be in running state.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl get pods
NAME          READY STATUS  RESTARTS AGE
web-app-g6ftg 1/1   Running    0     26s
web-app-k9gdn 1/1   Running    0     26s

NOTE:

Please note that here we are creating all the resources in current namespace hence we are not using any separate namespace option in any of the commands. You can specify the namespace option if you want to create resources under some other namespace.

Step 3: Verify ReplicaSet By Deleting Pod

The next important thing is to verify if the ReplicaSet is working as expected. To verify this you can simply delete any of the create pods and check if you are getting pod replicas. For example here we are deleting web-app-g6ftg pod using kubectl delete pod web-app-g6ftg command.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl delete pod web-app-g6ftg
pod "web-app-g6ftg" deleted

Then if we again check the pod status you can see that it is creating replica pod immediately after deleting the pod.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl get pods
NAME          READY STATUS            RESTARTS AGE
web-app-9p5j9 0/1   ContainerCreating    0     9s
web-app-k9gdn 1/1   Running              0     2m44s

After creating the container it will come to running state as you can see below.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl get pods
NAME          READY STATUS  RESTARTS AGE
web-app-9p5j9 1/1   Running    0     57s
web-app-k9gdn 1/1   Running    0     3m32s

Step 4: Check more info about ReplicaSet

If you are looking to through the complete information about the create ReplicaSet then you can see it by using kubectl describe rs/<replicaset_name> command. Here we have our web-app ReplicaSet created so to describe this you need to run kubectl describe rs/web-app command as used below.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl describe rs/web-app
Name: web-app
Namespace: cyberithub
Selector: tier=webserver
Labels: app=web-app
tier=webserver
Annotations: kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration:
{"apiVersion":"apps/v1","kind":"ReplicaSet","metadata":{"annotations":{},"labels":{"app":"web-app","tier":"webserver"},"name":"web-app","n...
Replicas: 2 current / 2 desired
Pods Status: 2 Running / 0 Waiting / 0 Succeeded / 0 Failed
Pod Template:
Labels: tier=webserver
Containers:
nginx:
Image: nginx
Port: <none>
Host Port: <none>
Environment: <none>
Mounts: <none>
Volumes: <none>
Events:
Type Reason Age From Message
---- ------ ---- ---- -------
Normal SuccessfulCreate 4m18s replicaset-controller Created pod: web-app-k9gdn
Normal SuccessfulCreate 4m18s replicaset-controller Created pod: web-app-g6ftg
Normal SuccessfulCreate 103s replicaset-controller Created pod: web-app-9p5j9

Step 5: Delete ReplicaSet in Kubernetes

Once you are done with web-app ReplicaSet you can also delete it by using kubectl delete rs web-app command.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl delete rs web-app
replicaset.apps "web-app" deleted

So if you again check the list you will not able to see as it is deleted successfully.

[root@localhost ~]# kubectl get rs

Conclusion

In this article, we have seen the basic steps required to create ReplicaSet in Kubernetes with the help of example. We also looked at the important Kubernetes commands required to create, list and delete the ReplicaSet. Hopefully these steps were useful for you.

 

 

 

 

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