In this article, we will look into all the postfix mail server issues and the steps to resolve those issues. There are many errors one can get while trying to configure postfix MTA so it is very important to understand the cause and other underlying details of those errors before even try to fix the issues.
What is Mail Server
A mail server could be any physical or virtual machine that can send and receive an email using standard email protocols like SMTP, IMAP and POP3. It consists of important components like mail transfer agents and mail delivery agents.
What is Postfix
Postfix is a free and open source mail transfer agent(MTA) software available on Linux Based Platforms to send and deliver electronic mail. It is one of the most popular and widely used MTA currently available. It is also compatible with other MTA's like sendmail. In some systems like Ubuntu based systems, postfix will be available as the default MTA.
Troubleshooting Guide to Fix All Postfix Mail Server Issues in Linux
Error 1: postmap: fatal: open database /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db: Permission denied
There are many reasons due to which you could get
"postmap: fatal : open database /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db: Permission denied" error. First and foremost thing is that you should never create
sasl_passwd.db file manually. It will always be created by using
postmap sasl_passwd command as shown below.
[root@localhost ~]# postmap sasl_passwd
Second reason could be the permission of
sasl_passwd.db file. You need to make sure that root should be owner of this file and it has atleast
640 permission as shown below.
[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/postfix/ [root@localhost postfix]# ls -lrt sasl_passwd.db -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3893 Nov 16 05:36 sasl_passwd.db
rootuser to run all the below commands.You can use any user with
sudoaccess to run all these commands. For more information Please check Step by Step: How to Add User to Sudoers to provide
sudoaccess to the User.
Error 2: Postfix relay via SES: 530 Authentication Required
If you are getting
"Postfix relay via SES: 530 Authentication Required" error then it could be due to following two reasons: First reason could be that you are not proving correct SMTP username and password to authenticate the postfix mail server. You need double check given username and password in
sasl_passwd file as shown below.
[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd email-smtp.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com:25 user_name:password
Second reason could be that you have not set the SMTP TLS security level as required by your mail server. To do that you need to add below parameter.
Error 3: Client host [xx.xx.xx.xx] blocked using Spamhaus.
This is a very general error which you will observe when mail Server go and check the
Spamhaus database for any possible issue with your IP. If in case it is found as blocked then it will not allow this IP Address to send any mail and will block all the communication. To fix this error you need to go to the URL
https://www.spamhaus.org/query/ip/xx.xx.xx.xx and unblock this IP. After unblocking this IP you need to wait till the IP status gets updated in the
Spamhaus database. You can check Spamhaus Official website to know more about this.
Error 4: Postfix - Must issue a STARTTLS command first
Sometimes you might have observed
"Postfix - Must issue a STARTTLS command first" error in your postfix mail server. It is due to missing
smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer parameter in below configuration. You need to add
smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes in below given configuration to fix this error.
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd smtp_use_tls = yes smtp_tls_security_level = encrypt