Best Steps to Install Perl on Ubuntu 20.04

In this article, i will take you through the best steps to install perl on Ubuntu 20.04. Perl (Practical Extraction and Reporting Language) is a very popular and powerful language for String Handling and String Processing. You will see the usage of Perl as web scripting language along with other web technologies and frameworks. It is used for writing Server side tasks. Perl can also be used to interface front end languages like HTML with the backend Databases. It has very robust modules available to interact with other programming languages in various platforms. We will go through the steps to install Perl on Ubuntu 20.04 systems in great detail.

Best Steps to Install Perl on Ubuntu 20.04 1

Install Perl on Ubuntu 20.04

Also Read: 17 traceroute command examples to Identify Network Problems in Linux/Unix

Step 1: Prerequisites

a) You need to have a running Ubuntu 20.04 Server.

b) You should have apt tool installed in your Server. To Know more about apt get tool, you can check 20 Useful apt get examples on Ubuntu.

d) You should have sudo access to run Privileged Commands. Please Check How to Add User to Sudoers to know more about providing sudo access to the User.

Step 2: Update Your Server

Before going through the steps to install perl on Ubuntu 20.04 it is always recommended to update your system using apt update -y or apt-get update -y command as shown below. This command will download and install all the latest available updates from Ubuntu Repository.

root@localhost:~# apt update -y
Hit:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease
Get:2 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease [111 kB]
Get:4 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease [98.3 kB]
Get:5 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease [107 kB]
Ign:3 https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ InRelease
Hit:6 https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ Release
Get:7 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 Packages [359 kB]
Get:8 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main i386 Packages [212 kB]
Get:9 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main Translation-en [136 kB]
Get:10 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [209 kB]
Get:11 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 c-n-f Metadata [9,464 B]
Get:12 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 Packages [166 kB]
Get:13 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe i386 Packages [91.3 kB]
Get:14 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe Translation-en [88.1 kB]
Get:15 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [186 kB]
Get:16 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe DEP-11 48x48 Icons [93.4 kB]
Get:17 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe DEP-11 64x64 Icons [167 kB]
Get:18 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 c-n-f Metadata [5,580 B] install perl on ubuntu
Get:19 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/multiverse amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [2,468 B]install perl on ubuntu
Get:20 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [1,768 B]install perl on ubuntu 
Get:22 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main i386 Packages [72.7 kB]
Get:23 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 Packages [184 kB]
Get:24 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main Translation-en [65.5 kB]
Get:25 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [24.3 kB]
Get:26 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 c-n-f Metadata [4,588 B]
Get:27 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 Packages [58.8 kB]
Get:28 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe i386 Packages [29.3 kB]
Get:29 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe Translation-en [30.9 kB]
Get:30 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [52.4 kB]
Get:31 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 c-n-f Metadata [2,476 B]
Fetched 2,568 kB in 3s (951 kB/s)
Reading package lists... Done

Step 3: Install Perl on Ubuntu 20.04

Once Server is updated you can now install the Perl package using apt install perl -y command as shown below. This command will download and install the Perl package along with its dependencies from Ubuntu Repo as can be seen from below output.

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root@localhost:~# apt install perl -y
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
apturl-common gir1.2-dbusmenu-glib-0.4 gir1.2-dee-1.0 gir1.2-goa-1.0 gir1.2-javascriptcoregtk-4.0 gir1.2-snapd-1 gir1.2-unity-5.0 gir1.2-webkit2-4.0 patch
perl-openssl-defaults python3-dateutil python3-debconf python3-debian python3-software-properties sgml-base software-properties-common unattended-upgrades
update-notifier-common xml-core
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
Suggested packages:
perl-doc libterm-readline-gnu-perl | libterm-readline-perl-install perl on ubuntu make libb-debug-perl liblocale-codes-perl
The following NEW packages will be installed:
perl
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 88 not upgraded.
Need to get 224 kB of archives.
After this operation, 763 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/main amd64 perl amd64 5.30.0-9build1 [224 kB]
Fetched 224 kB in 0s (760 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package perl.
(Reading database ... 160211 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../perl_5.30.0-9build1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking perl (5.30.0-9build1) ...
Setting up perl (5.30.0-9build1) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) ...

Step 4: Verify Your Package

After successful installation of Perl packages you can verify the installation by using apt list --installed | grep -i perl command as shown below. You can check apt command Man Page to know more about the available options.

root@localhost:~# apt list --installed | grep -i perl

WARNING: apt does not have a stable CLI interface. Use with caution in scripts.

liblocale-gettext-perl/focal,now 1.07-4 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libperl5.30/focal,now 5.30.0-9build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libtext-charwidth-perl/focal,now 0.04-10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libtext-iconv-perl/focal,now 1.7-7 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libtext-wrapi18n-perl/focal,focal,now 0.06-9 all [installed,automatic]
perl-base/focal,now 5.30.0-9build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
perl-modules-5.30/focal,focal,now 5.30.0-9build1 all [installed,automatic]
perl-openssl-defaults/focal,now 4 amd64 [installed,auto-removable]
perl/focal,now 5.30.0-9build1 amd64 [installed]

Step 5: Check Perl Version

If you want to check the Perl version then you need to use perl -v command as shown below. As shown in the below output, current perl version is v5.30.0.

root@localhost:~# perl -v

This is perl 5, version 30, subversion 0 (v5.30.0) built for x86_64-linux-gnu-thread-multi
(with 46 registered patches, see perl -V for more detail)

Copyright 1987-2019, Larry Wall

Perl may be copied only under the terms of either the Artistic License or the
GNU General Public License, which may be found in the Perl 5 source kit.

Complete documentation for Perl, including FAQ lists, should be found on
this system using "man perl" or "perldoc perl". If you have access to the
Internet, point your browser at http://www.perl.org/, the Perl Home Page.

Step 6: Write Your First Perl Script

Now you are ready to write your first Perl Script. Here we are writing a simple perl script using vi editor to display "Hi, this is from CyberITHub" on the output.

root@localhost:~# vi example.pl
#!/usr/bin/perl
use warnings;
print("Hi, this is from CyberITHub\n");

If you run the above script using perl example.pl command then you will get below output. This confirms that Perl is successfully installed and working fine.

Output

root@localhost:~# perl example.pl
Hi, this is from CyberITHub

Step 7: Install Perl Module on Ubuntu 20.04

If you want to install any Perl Module then you can use below apt install command. Here we are trying to install Perl MySQL module using apt install libdbd-mysql-perl -y command as shown below.

root@localhost:~# apt install libdbd-mysql-perl -y
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
apturl-common gir1.2-dbusmenu-glib-0.4 gir1.2-dee-1.0 gir1.2-goa-1.0 gir1.2-javascriptcoregtk-4.0 gir1.2-snapd-1 gir1.2-unity-5.0 gir1.2-webkit2-4.0 patch
perl-openssl-defaults python3-dateutil python3-debconf python3-debian python3-software-properties sgml-base software-properties-common unattended-upgrades
update-notifier-common xml-core
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
libdbi-perl
Suggested packages:
libclone-perl libmldbm-perl libnet-daemon-perl libsql-statement-perl
The following NEW packages will be installed:
libdbd-mysql-perl libdbi-perl
0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 88 not upgraded.
Need to get 813 kB of archives.
After this operation, 2,432 kB of additional disk space will be used.

 

 

 

 

 

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