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How to Enable or Disable Universe, Multiverse and Restricted Repository on Ubuntu 20.04

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In this article, I will take you through the steps to enable or disable universe, multiverse and restricted repository on Ubuntu 20.04 but before that let me ask you a quick question. Do you know why Ubuntu has different types of repositories ? If you are still thinking then let me tell you Ubuntu usually distinguishes between software that is "free" and software that is not free. So all the software which are released under Open source License kept in one repository and all the software which are under copyright claim are kept under another repository. Similarly all the other softwares are divided and kept in other repositories. We will see more about this in below section. More on Ubuntu Official Page.

What are Repositories

Repositories are basically a software archive where thousands of programs are kept and stored based on their updated versions so that one can download and install using some packet manager like apt or apt-get whenever required.

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Types of Repositories

On Ubuntu, there are mostly four types of repositories:-

  • Main
  • Universe
  • Multiverse
  • Restricted

How to Enable or Disable Universe, Multiverse and Restricted Repository on Ubuntu 20.04

How to Enable Universe, Multiverse and Restricted Repository on Ubuntu 20.04

Also Read: How to Install Ntopng to Monitor Network Traffic on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

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Of all the four repositories, we are going to discuss broadly about Universe, Multiverse and Restricted Repositories.

a) Universe Repository

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This repository is mostly used to store open source software. You can enable Universe repository by using apt-add-repository universe command.

root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository universe
'universe' distribution component enabled for all sources.
Hit:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease
Get:2 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease [114 kB]
Hit:3 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ansible/ansible/ubuntu focal InRelease
Get:4 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease [101 kB]
Get:5 https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com focal InRelease [4,419 B]
Get:6 https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/edge stable InRelease [7,343 B]
Hit:7 http://ppa.launchpad.net/micahflee/ppa/ubuntu focal InRelease
Get:8 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease [114 kB]
Hit:9 https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable InRelease
Get:10 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 Packages [1,302 kB]
Get:11 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main i386 Packages [553 kB]

b) Multiverse Repository

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This repository is used to store all the software restricted by copyright or legal issues. Like above, you can enable multiverse repository by using apt-add-repository multiverse command.

root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository multiverse
'multiverse' distribution component enabled for all sources.
Hit:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:2 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease
Hit:3 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease
Hit:4 https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/edge stable InRelease
Hit:5 https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com focal InRelease
Hit:6 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ansible/ansible/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:7 http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt focal-pgdg InRelease
Hit:8 http://ppa.launchpad.net/micahflee/ppa/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:9 https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable InRelease
Hit:10 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease
Get:11 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/multiverse i386 Packages [74.7 kB]
Get:12 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/multiverse amd64 Packages [144 kB]

c) Restricted Repository

This repository is used to store proprietary drivers for all the devices. So to enable Restricted repository you need to use apt-add-repository restricted command.

root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository restricted
'restricted' distribution component enabled for all sources.
Hit:1 https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/edge stable InRelease
Hit:2 https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com focal InRelease
Hit:3 http://ppa.launchpad.net/ansible/ansible/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:4 http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt focal-pgdg InRelease
Hit:5 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:6 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease
Hit:7 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease
Hit:8 http://ppa.launchpad.net/micahflee/ppa/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:9 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease
Hit:10 https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable InRelease
Get:11 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/restricted amd64 Packages [22.0 kB]

 

How to Check all the Enabled Repository

If you want verify all the enable repository, then you need to check the contents of /etc/apt/sources.list file. All the repository added in this file shows that it is enabled. Since all the added repository starts with deb keyword so if you just search for all the lines starting with deb keyword then you will get the information of all the enabled repository as shown below.

root@localhost:~# grep ^deb /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal main universe multiverse restricted
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal-updates main universe multiverse restricted
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal-backports main universe multiverse restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security main universe multiverse restricted
deb [arch=amd64] https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/edge stable main
deb [arch=amd64] https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com focal main
deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt focal-pgdg main
deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main

 

How to Disable Universe, Multiverse and Restricted Repository on Ubuntu 20.04

If you want to disable a repository then you need to use -r option with add-apt-repository command. For example, to disable universe repository, you need to use add-apt-repository -r universe command. Similarly to disable multiverse repository, you need to use add-apt-repository -r multiverse command and likewise to disable restricted repository, you need to use add-apt-repository -r restricted command as shown below.

root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository -r universe
'universe' distribution component disabled for all sources.
root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository -r multiverse
'multiverse' distribution component disabled for all sources.
root@localhost:~# add-apt-repository -r restricted
'restricted' distribution component disabled for all sources.

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