How to Install netcat(nc) command on Linux (RedHat/CentOS 7/8) in 5 Easy Steps

In this article, i will take you through the steps to install netcat command in Linux. nc command in Linux can be used for variety of purposes like checking the status of remote ports, initiating chat services between server and client, start listening on some ports for incoming connections etc. Now a days there are lot of open source networking tools available in Linux Based Systems to perform network troubleshooting activity. netcat is one such tool.

In this session we will only look into the steps to install netcat on RedHat Based Systems. I will cover other networking tools in future articles. Since netcat package does not comes by default in RedHat Based systems, so we need to install it manually using below steps.

How to Install netcat(nc) command on Linux (RedHat/CentOS 7/8) in 5 Easy Steps 1

Install Netcat(nc) Command on Linux

Also Read: 17+ Popular nc command examples in Linux (RedHat/CentOS 7/8)

Step 1: Prerequisites

a)You need to have a running RedHat/CentOS 7/8 System.

b)You should have sudo access to install netcat package.

c)Also you need to have yum command installed in your system.

NOTE:

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Please note in this example I have used root user to run all the commands below. You can use any user with sudo access to run all these commands.

Step 2: Update Your System

You need update all the packages to use latest updates before proceeding with the netcat package installation. Packages can be updated by running yum install -y command as shown below. In this case, since system has all the latest updates installed hence there are no further updates available to install.

[root@localhost ~]# yum update -y
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
epel/x86_64/metalink | 6.4 kB 00:00:00
* base: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
* epel: ftp.jaist.ac.jp
* extras: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
* updates: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
base | 3.6 kB 00:00:00
epel | 4.7 kB 00:00:00
extras | 2.9 kB 00:00:00
updates | 2.9 kB 00:00:00
(1/3): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db | 190 kB 00:00:00
(2/3): epel/x86_64/updateinfo | 1.0 MB 00:00:01
(3/3): epel/x86_64/primary_db | 6.8 MB 00:00:17
No packages marked for update

Step 3: Install Netcat Package

Once system is updated  you can install netcat package using yum install -y nc command as shown below. This command will also install any dependent packages which needs to be installed with netcat package.

[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y nc
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
* epel: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
* extras: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
* updates: mirrors.piconets.webwerks.in
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nmap-ncat.x86_64 2:6.40-19.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libpcap.so.1()(64bit) for package: 2:nmap-ncat-6.40-19.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libpcap.x86_64 14:1.5.3-12.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
========================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
nmap-ncat x86_64 2:6.40-19.el7 base 206 k
Installing for dependencies:
libpcap x86_64 14:1.5.3-12.el7 base 139 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================================================================================================
Install 1 Package (+1 Dependent package)

Total download size: 345 k
Installed size: 740 k
Downloading packages:
(1/2): nmap-ncat-6.40-19.el7.x86_64.rpm | 206 kB 00:00:00
(2/2): libpcap-1.5.3-12.el7.x86_64.rpm | 139 kB 00:00:00
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 500 kB/s | 345 kB 00:00:00
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : 14:libpcap-1.5.3-12.el7.x86_64 1/2
Installing : 2:nmap-ncat-6.40-19.el7.x86_64 2/2
Verifying : 2:nmap-ncat-6.40-19.el7.x86_64 1/2
Verifying : 14:libpcap-1.5.3-12.el7.x86_64 2/2

Installed:
nmap-ncat.x86_64 2:6.40-19.el7

Dependency Installed:
libpcap.x86_64 14:1.5.3-12.el7

Complete!

Step 4: Verify netcat package installation

After successful installation of netcat package, you can check the rpm db to confirm if the netcat package is installed successfully using rpm command as shown below.

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep -i nmap-ncat
nmap-ncat-6.40-19.el7.x86_64

Step 5: Test nc command

Now that we have netcat package installed successfully in the System, you can quickly verify the functionality of nc command by checking google.com port 443 as shown below. As you can check in the below output, system is currently able to reach to google.com on port 443.

[root@localhost ~]# nc -vz google.com 443
Ncat: Version 7.50 ( https://nmap.org/ncat )
Ncat: Connected to 216.58.196.174:443.
Ncat: 0 bytes sent, 0 bytes received in 0.07 seconds.

-v : Set verbosity level (can be used several times)

z : Zero-I/O mode, report connection status only

Check other options that can be used with nc command using -h flag as shown below.

[root@localhost ~]# nc -h
Ncat 7.50 ( https://nmap.org/ncat )
Usage: ncat [options] [hostname] [port]

Options taking a time assume seconds. Append 'ms' for milliseconds,
's' for seconds, 'm' for minutes, or 'h' for hours (e.g. 500ms).
-4 Use IPv4 only
-6 Use IPv6 only
-U, --unixsock Use Unix domain sockets only
-C, --crlf Use CRLF for EOL sequence
-c, --sh-exec <command> Executes the given command via /bin/sh
-e, --exec <command> Executes the given command
--lua-exec <filename> Executes the given Lua script
-g hop1[,hop2,...] Loose source routing hop points (8 max)
-G <n> Loose source install netcat pointer (4, 8, 12, ...)
-m, --max-conns <n> Maximum <n> simultaneous connections
-h, --help Display this help screen
-d, --delay <time> Wait between read/writes

 

I hope you liked this article on How to Install netcat command in Linux. Please let me know your feedback on Comment Box.

 

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