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In this article, I will go through the Steps to install aptitude command on Ubuntu/Debian based systems with example. If you are a Linux professional, then you might be aware of package manager which is required to perform operations like install, update and removal of packages. If you are using RHEL/Fedora/CentOS based systems then you might be using yum or dnf package manager. If you are using OpenSUSE or SUSE based systems then you might be using zypper package manager. If you are using Ubuntu/Debian based Systems, then you might be using apt or apt-get package manager.
Similarly, there is one more package manager called aptitude for Ubuntu/Debian based Systems which can be used to install, remove and update packages just like any other package manager. aptitude actually calls the apt command to perform underlying package operations. We will see the steps to install aptitude package manager in below section. More about aptitude usage.
How to Install aptitude package on Ubuntu/Debian
Step 1: Prerequisites
a) You should have a running
b) You should have sudo or root access to run privileged command.
c) You should have
apt-get utility installed in your Server.
Step 2: Update Your Server
Before installing a new package, it is always recommended to first update your System using
apt update or
apt-get update command. This will sync the installed packages version with the latest stable version available on the configured Debian Repo.
root@debian:~# apt update Hit:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye InRelease Get:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates InRelease [39.4 kB] Get:3 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security InRelease [44.1 kB] Get:4 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main Sources [38.6 kB] Get:5 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main amd64 Packages [47.4 kB] Get:6 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main Translation-en [31.7 kB] Fetched 201 kB in 1s (136 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done
Step 3: Install aptitude package
Next step is to install aptitude package using
apt install aptitude -y or
apt-get install aptitude -y command as shown below. This will automatically download and install aptitude package along with its dependencies from Debian Repo.
root@debian:~# apt install aptitude -y Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: default-jdk-headless libice-dev libpthread-stubs0-dev libsm-dev libx11-dev libxau-dev libxcb1-dev libxdmcp-dev libxt-dev openjdk-11-jdk openjdk-11-jdk-headless x11proto-dev xorg-sgml-doctools xtrans-dev Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them. The following additional packages will be installed: aptitude-common libcwidget4 Suggested packages: apt-xapian-index aptitude-doc-en | aptitude-doc debtags libcwidget-dev The following NEW packages will be installed: aptitude aptitude-common libcwidget4 0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 3 not upgraded. Need to get 3,441 kB of archives. After this operation, 15.9 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Step 4: Check aptitude version
After successful installation, you can check the current installed version of aptitude package by using
aptitude --version command as shown below. As you can see current version is
root@debian:~# aptitude --version aptitude 0.8.12 Compiler: g++ 9.2.1 20200224 Compiled against: apt version 6.0.0 NCurses version 6.2 libsigc++ version: 2.10.2 Gtk+ support disabled. Qt support disabled. Current library versions: NCurses version: ncurses 6.2.20200212 cwidget version: 0.5.18 Apt version: 6.0.0
Step 5: Using aptitude command
It is now time to test aptitude package manager by installing a sample package. For the sake of example we are installing wget package using
aptitude install wget -y command as shown below. As you can see the steps to install a package using
aptitude command is not much different from
apt-get package manager.
root@debian:~# aptitude install wget -y The following NEW packages will be installed: wget 0 packages upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 3 not upgraded. Need to get 964 kB of archives. After unpacking 3,560 kB will be used. Get: 1 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 wget amd64 1.21-1+b1 [964 kB] Fetched 964 kB in 1s (1,673 kB/s) (Reading database ... 135755 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../wget_1.21-1+b1_amd64.deb ... Unpacking wget (1.21-1+b1) ... Setting up wget (1.21-1+b1) ... Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.4-2) ...
Step 6: Remove aptitude package
Once you are done with the package, you can also remove it by using
apt remove aptitude -y command as shown below.
root@debian:~# apt remove aptitude -y Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: aptitude-common libcwidget4 Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them. The following packages will be REMOVED: aptitude 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 1 not upgraded. After this operation, 4,358 kB disk space will be freed. (Reading database ... 141498 files and directories currently installed.) Removing aptitude (0.8.13-3) ...