In this article, I will take you through the steps to install and use docker on Ubuntu 20.04. Before the rise of Docker Containers, the concepts of virtual machine were quite popular to run multiple applications in different virtual machines, all running on a single host machine. But over the time, developers realized that if the end goal is to deploy and run an application then why wasting resources in creating OS and its processes which might not helping the end application.
This has revolutionized the entire thinking and led to the creation of something called containers in which application can run independently without having the need to create OS Infrastructure. Docker is known to be the Container Management Solution which effectively create, manage and destroy containers. More on Docker Official website.
What is Docker Hub
Docker Hub is a public repository where latest docker images of various applications are stored. By default, docker always pulls images from Docker Hub Repo.
How to Install and Use Docker on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Also Read: How to Install and Use Docker on Debian 11 [Easy Steps]
Step 1: Prerequisites
a) You should have a running
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Server.
b) You should have
root access to run privileged commands.
c) You should have
apt-get utility available in your System.
d) You should also have
tee utility installed in your System.
Step 2: Uninstall Older Versions
If you have any older version of docker engine then it is always recommended to first uninstall that version and its related components using
apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io containerd runc command.
root@localhost:~# apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io containerd runc Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Package 'docker-engine' is not installed, so not removed Package 'docker' is not installed, so not removed Package 'containerd' is not installed, so not removed Package 'runc' is not installed, so not removed Package 'docker.io' is not installed, so not removed ...........................................
Step 3: Update Your Server
It is essential to run System update using
apt update or
apt-get update command to let the System know if there are any updates or a new package available in the repo.
root@localhost:~# apt update Hit:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease Get:2 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease [114 kB] Hit:3 http://ppa.launchpad.net/hluk/copyq/ubuntu focal InRelease Hit:4 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu focal InRelease Ign:5 https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu bionic/mongodb-org/4.0 InRelease Get:6 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease [108 kB] Hit:7 https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu bionic/mongodb-org/4.0 Release Get:8 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease [114 kB] Hit:9 https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/oss-7.x/apt stable InRelease Get:10 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [278 kB]
Step 4: Set Up Dependencies
There are certain set of packages which is going to be required for the installation of docker needs to be installed first. These includes ca-certificates, curl, gnupg and lsb-release package. You can install all these packages by using
apt-get install ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release command as shown below.
root@localhost:~# apt-get install ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done lsb-release is already the newest version (11.1.0ubuntu2). lsb-release set to manually installed. ca-certificates is already the newest version (20210119~20.04.2). curl is already the newest version (7.68.0-1ubuntu2.7). gnupg is already the newest version (2.2.19-3ubuntu2.1). gnupg set to manually installed.
Step 5: Add Docker GPG Key
Next step is to add the Docker official GPG public Key using below command. This is required to validate the checksum and integrity of the image.
root@localhost:~# curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
Step 6: Setup Stable Repo
You can setup different kinds of repositories like nightly, test and stable to download the docker package depending on your requirement. Here we are setting up the stable repository using below command.
root@localhost:~# echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
Step 7: Install Docker
Then to download and install docker and other required packages, you need to run
apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io command as shown below.
root@localhost:~# apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: i965-va-driver intel-media-va-driver kwayland-data kwayland-integration libaacs0 libaom0 libass9 libavcodec58 libavdevice58 libavfilter7 libavformat58 libavresample4 libavutil56 libbdplus0 libbluray2 libbs2b0 libchromaprint1 libcodec2-0.9 libdbusmenu-qt5-2 libdc1394-22 libfam0 libfftw3-double3 libflite1 mesa-vdpau-drivers va-driver-all vdpau-driver-all Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them. The following additional packages will be installed: docker-scan-plugin pigz Suggested packages: aufs-tools cgroupfs-mount | cgroup-lite The following NEW packages will be installed: containerd.io docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-scan-plugin pigz 0 upgraded, 5 newly installed, 0 to remove and 43 not upgraded. Need to get 3,575 kB/89.2 MB of archives. After this operation, 388 MB of additional disk space will be used. .................................................
Step 8: Check Docker Version
After successful installation, you can verify the current installed version by using
docker --version command as shown below.
root@localhost:~# docker --version Docker version 20.10.12, build e91ed57
Step 9: Pull a Docker Image
Now you can pull docker images from Docker Hub Image library using
docker pull command. Here we are downloading latest
ubuntu image using
docker pull ubuntu command as shown below.
latesttag as you might have noticed from the below shown output.
root@localhost:~# docker pull ubuntu Using default tag: latest latest: Pulling from library/ubuntu 7b1a6ab2e44d: Pull complete Digest: sha256:626ffe58f6e7566e00254b638eb7e0f3b11d4da9675088f4781a50ae288f3322 Status: Downloaded newer image for ubuntu:latest docker.io/library/ubuntu:latest
Step 10: List Docker Images
You can list all the images by using
docker images command as shown below.
root@localhost:~# docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE goharbor/harbor-exporter v2.4.1 0ee361b5454a 2 days ago 82.7MB goharbor/chartmuseum-photon v2.4.1 337a9d03b197 2 days ago 174MB goharbor/redis-photon v2.4.1 2bbe19b8cc5d 2 days ago 156MB goharbor/trivy-adapter-photon v2.4.1 d39fd42c93f0 2 days ago 151MB
Step 11: Run Ubuntu Container
It is now time to run a container using docker image. Here we are using ubuntu image to run our container. You just need to use
docker run -it ubuntu bash command as shown below.
root@localhost:~# docker run -it ubuntu bash root@a670087faaa0:/#
Step 12: Remove Docker Engine
Once you are done with docker images and containers, you can remove all its components by using
apt-get remove docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io command as shown below.
root@localhost:~# apt-get remove docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libsndio7.0 libsord-0-0 libsratom-0-0 libssh-gcrypt-4 libswresample3 libswscale5 libtie-ixhash-perl libva-drm2 libva-x11-2 libva2 libvdpau1 libvidstab1.1 libx264-155 libx265-179 libxml-xpathengine-perl libxvidcore4 libzmq5 libzvbi-common libzvbi0 linux-headers-5.11.0-40-generic linux-hwe-5.11-headers-5.11.0-40 linux-image-5.11.0-40-generic linux-modules-5.11.0-40-generic linux-modules-extra-5.11.0-40-generic mesa-va-drivers mesa-vdpau-drivers va-driver-all vdpau-driver-all Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them. The following packages will be REMOVED: containerd.io docker-ce docker-ce-cli 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 3 to remove and 43 not upgraded. After this operation, 375 MB disk space will be freed. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] Y